Learning about the past for the present

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Grammar - conjunctions of purpose


conjunctions of purpose


With this lesson plan, students discuss why we need to learn history and other school subjects. They also watch a video and practise the use of conjunctions.

B2 / Upper Intermediate60 minFlipped LessonUnlimited Plan

This is a Flipped Classroom lesson plan. In a nutshell, it means that the first part of the lesson needs to be done by students at home. Learn more about flipped classroom and how we implement it in these lesson plans in our post.


Conjunctions of purpose

Before the lesson, students do three grammar activities. First, they match halves to create sentences with conjunctions of purpose (e.g. in order to, so as not to, so that). Then, they should read the sentences again and complete a table with the rules of using the conjunctions. Finally, they correct mistakes in five sentences containing the conjunctions. 


Vocabulary and video

The in-class part of the lesson starts with a general discussion about the importance of learning. Students also talk about learning motivations, and the school subjects that have proven to be useful in life. After that, students read five sentences and match the marked phrases (e.g. be hung up on, steer clear of) with their meanings. Then, they complete a set of sentences with the newly learned vocabulary. Students then move on to watch the video. They need to decide which of the statements from the previous exercise best summarises the video. Before the second viewing, students match historical events from the video (e.g. the Siege of Stalingrad, Lisbon earthquake) with the lessons they can teach us. This will allow them to practise conjunctions of purpose in the last part of the lesson. They watch a part of the video again and check their answers. 

Practice and discussion

In this part of the worksheet, students first combine the historical events with the lessons using the conjunctions studied before the lesson. After that, students have a discussion about applying history in life and other lessons we can learn from history. They also discuss whether they agree with some statements about history. In the consolidation exercise, students share their thoughts on why we might need to study some other school subjects. When discussing the purpose of studying them, students should also use the conjunctions of purpose. 




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Leave a Reply

  1. Irina Kramarovskaya

    Thank you for the lesson, Olia!
    one error, though – the siege of Leningrad (not Stalingrad)

    1. Olia

      Thanks for noticing! We’ll change it right away:)

    2. Stan

      Thanks for the comment, Irina! Sorry for that factual error – the image of Stalin in the video must have fooled us 😉 Of course, we updated the worksheet as these are not the same places.

  2. CantonesePete

    This is an excellent lesson for advanced students. Would it be possible to write a similar lesson, but for lower-level students focusing on the more common ways to express purpose in English in spoken English? Maybe explaining the difference between function and purpose in English.

    1. Olia

      Thanks! We have a similar lesson for lower-level students that is about work. Check it out and let us know what you think 😉


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