The urban jungle keeps getting bigger

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  • C1
  • Global Issues

Vocabulary - city

lesson plan about megacities


This flipped lesson plan touches upon the topic of megacities and the problems connected with urban sprawl. Students will learn some vocabulary related to cities, read urban development statistics and discuss the problems of modern cities.

C1 / Advanced60 minFlipped LessonUnlimited Plan

This is a Flipped Classroom lesson plan. In a nutshell, it means that first part of the lesson needs to be done by students at home. Learn more about flipped classroom and how we implement it in those lesson plans in our post.


The pre‐class worksheet starts with a mind map presenting phrases with the word urban. Students have to look them up in a dictionary and make sure they understand all of them. To see how these phrases function in some context, students complete sentences by choosing the correct phrases. Next, they read some urban development statistics and match the underlined words and phrases to their meanings. The exercise includes words such as: dweller, metropolis, reside, etc.



In the in‐class part, students first have to discuss some questions that pertain to living in a metropolis. The questions includes the vocabulary from the pre‐class worksheet. In the next task, students look at the list of cities and rank them in order of population After that, they check the answers and discuss whether they’re surprised with how many people live in particular cities.

Listening comprehension (video) and speaking part

Then, before watching a short video, students learn some more vocab. They need to match halves to create phrases and watch the video to check their answers. In the second listening comprehension task they have to answer some questions. The lesson plan finishes with a pairwork speaking task. Students examine the list of the problems of megacities, choose the 3 most serious ones and think of solutions to them. Finally, to finish this lesson plan about megacities, they share their ideas with other groups.



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  1. Claudia

    Excelent lesson, I was a little confused by the list of cities, – exercise 5 in class- which doesn’t match the list from the UN data. (as I live in Brazil, I decided to do a localization and I added the South American cities in the list, which may be a good tip for other teachers.)


    1. Stan

      Thanks for the feedback! I think we might have to add some explanation. We didn’t take top 10 cities from the ranking but 10 cities from different continents, however, the order is according to data. For example, Paris is on the 28th position in the global ranking but among the 10 cities we chose, it’s 9th.

      BTW I love your tip to localize the ranking, just to show the scale and make it more relatable.


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