The things that we do when nobody is looking – defining relative clauses

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Grammar - defining relative clauses

defining relative clauses


With this lesson plan students learn and practise using defining relative clauses. They also watch a short animated video and talk about the things that people do when they are alone. 

A2 / Pre‐Intermediate60 minStandard LessonPremium Plan


At the beginning of the lesson, students watch a video about a mother and a daughter. Then, they answer some questions about the video and give their opinions of the behaviour presented in it (doing different things when children are looking and when they are not). After that, they complete some sentences about the video and check their answers during the second viewing. Next, students look at the sentences from the previous exercise and complete the rules of creating defining relative clauses. Then, students’ task is to  complete seven sentences with which, who, that or where, and finish them so that they are true for them (e.g. The song which I dance to when nobody is looking is…). After that, they tell a partner some details about the statements. 


In this part of the lesson, students use defining relative clauses to create different kinds of definitions. First, they create simple definitions (e.g. Cooking is something that people do when they are hungry.). After that, they come up with words for different categories (places, activities, professions), and describe the words to their partner. Then, students read definitions of some words and phrases (e.g. a doughnut, social media, a watch), and discuss which one is the best in their opinion. The definitions are not obvious, but rather humorous (e.g. YouTube is a place where everybody can be a doctor, a scientist or a professor.). Finally, students have to write their own funny definitions of some words (e.g. a smartphone, a student, shopping) and together decide which of the definitions is the funniest. 



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Leave a Reply

  1. Bevin Gadd

    I really love your lessons, thanks for keeping everything new and up-to-date.

    1. Ewa

      Thanks, it’s our pleasure 🙂

  2. [email protected]

    Splendid! Good job. I enjoyed the practice part. The slides with the “unusual definitions” were a great idea.Cheers! filipe

    1. Ewa

      Thanks, Filipe!


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